The concept of crowdfunding has just started to gain momentum in India. Crowdfunding is defined as pooling of resources by a group of people for a common goal. In this, you approach common mass to raise funds in order to execute your idea, Project, Startup or Cause. According to a survey conducted Less than 2% of the companies end up raising funds from professional investors. This is largely because of reasons ranging from non-scalable businesses to the lack of exits. The rest 98% still need to raise fund to take their startup to the next level. Lets see different types of model of crowdfunding websites:
Crowdfunding sites business models
In this model, individuals make a financial contribution to a project without any expectations of financial benefits.
In this, individual will loan money to the project with the expectation of being repaid under the terms and conditions agreed.
Reward Based Crowdfunding
People contribute to your campaign and you give them a reward in return. The reward could be a DVD of the Film, The Gadget, etc. Equity cannot be given as a Reward.
The investor receives an equity stake in the project.
How crowdfunding helps a startup
Starting up a company is a very risky and challenging journey. Launching a crowdfunding campaign hedges these risks and serves as a valuable learning experience. Crowdfunding as it is today allows an entrepreneur to gain market validation and avoid giving up equity before going all out and taking a product concept to market.
Crowdfunding is a great alternative way to fund a venture, and it can be done without giving up equity or accumulating debt.
It serves as a marketing tool
An active crowdfunding campaign is a good way to introduce a venture’s overall mission and vision to the market, as it is a free and easy way to reach numerous channels.
Proof of concept
Showing investors and convincing yourself that your venture has received sufficient market validation at an early stage is hard. Crowdfunding makes this possible.
It allows crowdsourcing of brainstorming
One of the biggest challenges for small businesses and entrepreneurs is to be able to cover all the holes that a venture might have at an early stage. By having a crowdfunding campaign, the entrepreneur has the ability to engage the crowd and receive comments, feedback, and ideas.
It introduces prospective loyal customers
People who view the entrepreneur’s campaign and decide to contribute are ones that believe in the success of the company in the long run. In essence, these people are early adopters. Early adopters are very important to every business, as they will help spread the initial word without asking for anything in return. Such people care about the venture’s brand and message, and are likely to be loyal customers throughout the life of it.
It’s easier than traditional applications.
Applying for a loan or pursuing other capital investments are two of the most painful processes that every entrepreneur has to go through, especially during the early stages of the company.
It’s free PR
The momentum created by successful crowdfunding campaigns attracts potential investment from traditional channels and attention from media outlets. Success stories make for interesting reading, and reporters are always hungry for them.
It provides the opportunity of pre-selling
Launching a crowdfunding campaign gives an entrepreneur the ability to pre-sell a product or concept that they haven’t yet taken to market. This is a good way to gauge user reaction and analyze the market in order to decide whether to pursue or pivot on a given concept.
Launching a crowdfunding campaign on some of the platforms s absolutely free. You will mainly only charges a minimal fee when you raise funds.
Successful crowdfunding campaign in India
Choose the right crowdfunding portal
This is the major glitch where most of the crowdfunding projects fails in India and the project creator never realizes it. As Crowdfunding is very niche stage in India, It is very important for portals to help project creator in creating projects and help them to shape their project for Indian audience. Choose your crowdfunding portal wisely. Every crowdfunding portal in India takes different approach for projects. Do little research on all the portals. Talk with some portals, regarding your project and find out which portal fits perfectly for you.
This is the most important factor which most of the people in India forgets. Most of the people sees Kickstarter and creates crowdfunding project, thinking that they'll get lacs of money overnight, which is never true. You need to understand the mentality and psychology of Indians, compared to other nations. We love giving. We give millions and billions of rupees every year in temples and charity, but when it comes to giving a hundred rupees to some person. We think thousand times. That is where your crowdfunding video and description plays a vital role in getting those hundred rupees. Most of the people judges a crowdfunding project by just seeing the video. Make your crowdfunding video short and simple. Nobody likes to watch a video online, which is of more than 4-5 minutes. Don't add fancy 3D imaging graphics or vfx in the video. Neither add too much animation in it. Keep it to the point, make it clear. Remember, your end result from this video is money, not entertainment. Show your product, show yourself, your team, your workspace, your past work, and tell why someone should fund you or what change your project is going to make in society. This helps to build trust for the contributor.
Write detailed description, but add attractive graphics along with it. I've observed most of the people in India write 2-3 lines or 6-7 paragraph without graphic in their description. It really doesn't make sense to me, when it comes for giving them my money. If you're writing 2-3 lines means, you're damn shit lazy and I'm never going to get my money back. If you're writing 6-7 long paragraph, I don't have time to read all your grammatical mistakes. It is suggested to keep long description, as the one who is going to give large amount of money as a stranger will surely read what the hell you've written (unlike, your school teacher!). Create graphic which shows your product, your rewards, your timeline when you'll deliver me rewards and most importantly, your product specification (if it has any). I'd love to consider this short story of graphics, to decide whether I should fund you or not.
Now, this is the place where an Indian Crowdfunding project disappoints me like anything. Generally, In Kickstarter, Rewards starts like $15-20 for t-shirt. We, Indians, consider that aspect only and create our reward which led to about Rs. 1000 for a t-shirt. You need to understand that most of your target audience is middle class and is at Rs. 300-500. Nobody will love to give you their more than 10% monthly salary, unless you're giving them something cool in return. Only rich people will give your project above Rs. 5-10k, and that if you're giving them a customized product or something special, in return. Remember, you're doing reward-based crowdfunding not equity-based.
Most of the people in India are unaware of crowdfunding. So, it is very important for project creator to get the right reach of right audience. Once your crowdfunding project is ready, it is very important for you to decide your communication strategy before making the project live. Create a mailer list, from your school friends to current enemies. Tell them all about your project and ask them to fund it once the project is live. Don't be ashamed, be straight forward for asking to fund your project. If they don't fund it, at least ask them to share a word of mouth or a small post on their social media. It is very important for you to get your project at least 30% funded in the first few days of your project launch. Then, it’s time for PR. Get in touch with all your press contacts and tell them about your crowdfunding project. If you don't have any contacts, hire a PR agency. If you can't hire a PR agency, ask your crowdfunding portal to do PR on your behalf. Some of the crowdfunding portals in India helps in this. PR is the most important thing, you need to have credibility in written to prove your genuineness and potential in your PR. News articles will help you to achieve this and act as backbone. It'll also help you to get strangers to fund your project or at least let them know about your project. Get in touch with bloggers who writes articles regarding your project field. Let them know about your project, and ask them to write a article on your project. Out of our 1.2 billion population, if your project even reached 0.1% then your project will be a grand success.
Social Media and Follow-up
Build a social media strategy, and create some unique campaign surrounding your project. Social Media will help you to get that boost for making your project a success. Creative campaign will help your project go viral and even get that reach of audience who'll actually fund it. Do Facebook posts thrice a day.Interact with strangers on twitter by tweeting, hourly. Tell every possible person on the internet about your project, whether they'd like to hear about it or not. Send emails to all your contacts regarding your project, weekly. Keep hammering about your project on their head, let them remember it in anyway. Take a follow up via email/phone with the people who said they'll fund your project, or showed their interest on your project or the writers who wrote about your project in news articles or blog. Tell them, where you've reached and what you're up to. I'lll help you to increase your reach.
In nutshell,Put yourself in their shoes and see what you will want to see in someone asking for money from you.
The entrepreneur community in India needs a successful and widely accepted Indian version of crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter, Indiegogo which not only help Startups/individuals to launch a product but to also test the acceptance of the product in the market. If we compare the crowdfunding market in India to that of the United States, we are still considerable smaller. However, if estimates are to be believed, this can soon change.