Marine transportation drives 80%–90% of global trade, moving over 10 billion tonne of containers, solid and liquid bulk cargo across the world's oceans annually. Marine transportation can effectively and efficiently move almost any goods, though the advent of air travel proved preferable for perishable and high-value goods. The marine transportation system is a complex element of global trade. Marine transportation has never been a more viable option for global trade than it does today. Many marine transportation companies drive global trade, moving > 10 billion tons of containers, solid, and liquid bulk cargo across the world’s seas annually.
The most important reason such that marine transportation moves so many tonne-Kilometers of cargo is cost-efficiency. Globalization of trade and marine transportation has facilitated the spread of non-native species across the earth.
APM Terminals operates one of the world's most comprehensive port. Maersk has been the largest container ship and supply vessel operator in the world since 1996. Maersk is becoming the global integrator of container logistics, connecting and simplifying the customers' supply chain. It's shipping corporation based in Denmark Terminals will fully focus on becoming the world-class port operator, serving shipping lines and landside customers, with services available on and around the port premises. The largest operating unit in A.P. Moller–Maersk by revenue and staff is Maersk Line.
Mediterranean Shipping Company
Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC), the world's second-largest shipping line, was founded in 1970. Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. is a Swiss-Italian international shipping line. Mediterranean Shipping Company is a world leader in global container shipping and a company that prides itself on offering global service with local knowledge. At present, with a vessel line-up of over 524 container ships.
China Ocean Shipping Company
China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) is a Chinese state-owned company with headquarters in Shanghai. COSCO Shipping Logistics engages in integrated freight, warehousing logistics, shipping agents, engineering, and project logistics, intending to offer the full suite of logistics solutions for customers and partners. The company operates 362 international and domestic shipping routes.
Due to its close working relationships with the ports it serves, COSCO Shipping Lines minimizes time spent resolving documentation issues. It claims, as of March 2019, 94% of shipments worldwide are transferred within 14 days; 96% of shipments to the Far East are transferred within 14 days, and 81% are delivered within 7 days.
The name is an acronym of two predecessor companies, Compagnie Maritime Affretement (CMA) and Compagnie Generale Maritime (CGM), which translates as 'Maritime Freighting Company' and 'General Maritime Company'. CMA CGM S.A. is a French container transp0ortation and shipping company. CMA CGM’s Group is proud to define itself as a family business built on strong human values. With a presence in 160 countries through 755 agencies, 750 warehouses, 110,000 employees, and a wide fleet of 502 vessels, CMA CGM serves 420 of the world’s 521 commercial ports and operates 285 shipping lines. The Company offers vessel and container fleet management, freight delivery, logistics, cargo cruises, and other transportation services.
Hapag-Lloyd AG is a German international shipping and container transportation company. It is currently the world's fifth-largest container carrier in terms of vessel capacity. Hapag-Lloyd offers a fleet with a total capacity of 1.7 Million TEU, as well as a container stock of approximately 2.7 million TEU including one of the world's largest and most modern reefer container fleets.
Hapag-Lloyd is a global leader in container shipping, specializing in reefer cargo, dangerous goods, and special cargo projects. The owners of Hapag-Lloyd, as of September 30, 2020, are CSAV (30.0%).
Ocean Network Express
Ocean Network Express (ONE) Pte. Ltd. is a container shipping company headquartered in Singapore and Tokyo. Ocean Network Express is a new container shipping liner which adopts the philosophy of togetherness as ‘ONE’ with customers and partners to face every challenge. Ocean Network Express expand the number of ports in the future to Asia, North America, Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Middle East, also planning to expand our direct service to perform a wide service coverage.
Ocean Network Express is the 6th largest in the world (as of January 2020). Operations will be performed through a fleet of 224 vessels, including 31 super-large ships, such as the world's largest 20,000 TEU container-ships, in a service network covering over 120 countries around the world.
Evergreen Marine Corporation, is a Taiwanese container transportation and shipping company headquartered in Luzhu District, Taoyuan City, Taiwan. The majority of Evergreen's shipping containers are painted green with the word ‘Evergreen’ placed on the sides in white letters. Evergreen calls on 240 ports worldwide in about 80 countries and is the fifth-largest company of its type. The company's activities include shipping, construction of containers and ships, management of ports, and engineering and real estate development.
Evergreen Marine's operations primarily center around five general routings
- East Asia to North America/Central America
- East Asia to Northern Europe/Mediterranean
- Europe to North America (transatlantic)
- East Asia to Southern Hemisphere (intercontinental)
Yang Ming Marine Transport
Yang Ming Marine Transport Corporation is a Taiwanese ocean shipping company which is based in Keelung, Taiwan. Yang Ming Marine Transport Corporation (Yang Ming) has observed the core value of ' Teamwork, Innovation, Honesty, and Pragmatism' in enhancing the working process. The company's fleet of about 90 vessels is made up primarily of containerships but also includes bulk carriers; it has an overall capacity of more than 4 million deadweight tons (DWT).
The businesses of the Company include domestic and overseas marine cargo and passenger transportation businesses, the operation of warehouses, terminals, tug boats, barges and container freight stations and terminals, the repairing, leasing, and trading of ships, the repairing, leasing, and trading of containers and chassis, the provision of ocean freight forwarding services, as well as shipping agency, among others.
Hyundai Merchant Marine
Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM) is the world's 8th largest container line in terms of vessel capacity. HMM moves the largest portion of South Korea's exports, becoming the number one Korean national container carrier. HMM has formed a global business network with four international headquarters, 27 subsidiaries, 76 branches, five overseas offices, and 10 liaison offices. It is highly regarded as one of the world's top integrated-logistics companies with its targeted market prospects, efficient organization, top personnel, and advanced internet systems. HMM transports nationally strategic materials such as crude oil, iron ore/coal, and diverse special products as well as import/export goods.
Pacific International Line
Pacific International Lines (PIL) is a shipping company incorporated in Singapore. Today, PIL is ranked 16th amongst the top containership operators in the world, offering container liner services and multi-purpose services at over 500 locations in 100 countries worldwide, employs about 18,000 employees worldwide. PIL offers services in more than 500 locations in 100 countries around the world with a fleet of 128 and a cargo-carrying capacity of 420,039 TEU. In 2017 PIL and COSCO have entered into a mutual chartering agreement, to supply and exchange vessels during shipping demand peak times.