Paytm Case Study: India's Leading FinTech Company

Devashish Shrivastava Devashish Shrivastava
Oct 16, 2021 13 min read
Paytm Case Study: India's Leading FinTech Company

Paytm is India's biggest versatile installments, e-wallet, and business stage. Even though it began as an energizing stage in 2010, Paytm has changed its plan of action to become a commercial centre and a virtual bank model. It is likewise one of the pioneers of the cashback plan of action.

Paytm has changed itself into an Indian mammoth managing versatile installments, banking administrations, commercial centre, Paytm gold, energize and charge instalments, Paytm wallet and many other provisions which serve around 100 million enlisted clients.

Paytm is accessible in 11 Indian dialects and offers online use-cases as versatile energizes, service charge installments, travel, motion pictures, and occasions appointments. In-store installments at markets, leafy foods shops, cafés, stopping, tolls, drug stores and instructive establishments can be accessed through the Paytm QR code.

One 97 Communications, the parent company of Paytm, is all set to raise its capital target of over ₹16,600 crores ($2.2 billion) through an IPO that it had filed earlier in July 2021. Paytm is seeking to raise $25 billion to $30 billion valuation post this IPO.

According to the organization, more than 7 million traders crosswise over India utilize its QR code to acknowledge installments straightforwardly into their bank account. The organization uses commercials and pays a special substance to produce income.

Paytm Logo
Paytm Logo

Latest News About Paytm
Paytm removed from Play Store
History And Origin of Paytm
Paytm Business Strategy
Business Growth of Paytm
Expected Future Growth of Paytm
Frequently Added Questions

Latest News About Paytm

13th October 2021 - Paytm users can now store Aadhaar, driving license, vehicle RC, insurance via Digilocker. Digilocker Mini App on Paytm offers access to these documents to users even when they're offline or in a low connectivity zone.

8th October 2021 - Paytm is looking forward to bring in sovereign wealth funds as anchor investors in the company's pre-IPO placement.

5th October 2021 - Switzerland-based insurance giant, Swiss RE might join Paytm's insurance business' board.

3rd October 2021 - Paytm has acquired 100% stakes in CreditMate, a Mumbai-based digital lending startup.

Paytm Removed From Play Store

Paytm app has been removed from Google Play Store because it violates Google guidelines. While other apps like Paytm for Business, Paytm mall, Paytm Money, and a few more are still available.

“We have these policies to protect users from potential harm. When an app violates these policies, we notify the developer of the violation and remove the app from Google Play until the developer brings the app into compliance. And in the case where there are repeated policy violations, we may take more serious action which may include terminating Google Play Developer accounts. Our policies are applied and enforced on all developers consistently,” Google Added.
Paytm recent IPL 2021 ad taking jibe over the slow payment of Google Pay. 

History And Origin of Paytm

The saga and the emergence of Paytm are discussed in this section of the case study of Paytm. It was established in August 2010 with underlying speculation of $2 million by its originator Vijay Shekhar Sharma in Noida, an area nearby India's capital New Delhi. It began as a prepaid portable and DTH energize stage, and later included information card, postpaid versatile and landline charge installments in 2013. By January 2014, the organization propelled the Paytm pocketbook, and the Indian Railways and Uber included it as an installment option.

The official launch of Paytm Payments Bank Operations in India
The official launch of Paytm Payments Bank Operations in India

It propelled into web-based business with online arrangements and transport ticketing. In 2015, it disclosed more use-cases like instruction expenses, metro energizes power, gas, and water charge installments. Paytm likewise began driving the installment passage for the Indian Railways.

In 2016, Paytm propelled motion pictures, occasions, and entertainment meccas ticketing just as flight ticket appointments and Paytm QR. Later that year, it propelled rail bookings and gift vouchers. Paytm's enrolled client base developed from 11.8 million in August 2014 to 104 million in August 2015. Its movement business crossed $500 million in annualized GMV run rate, booking two million tickets for each month.

In 2017, Paytm became India's first installment application to traverse 100 million application downloads. That year, it propelled Paytm Gold, an item that enables clients to purchase as meagre as ₹1 of unadulterated gold on the web. It additionally propelled the Paytm Payments Bank and 'Inbox', and informing stage with in-talk installments among other products.

By 2018, it began enabling dealers to acknowledge Paytm UPI and card installments straightforwardly into their financial balances at 0% charge. It likewise propelled the 'Paytm for Business' application, enabling traders to follow their installments and everyday settlements instantly. This drove Paytm's shopper base to more than 7 million by March 2018.

The organization propelled two new riches—Paytm Gold Savings Plan and Gold Gifting—to rearrange long haul savings. It propelled into diversion and speculations, and stripe alongside AGTech to dispatch the stage of a transportable game Gamepind, and putting in Paytm cash with a venture of ₹9 large integers to bring venture and riches as board items for Indians. In May 2019, Paytm joined forces with Citibank to dispatch credit cards.


PayTm gets funding from WarrenBuffet
Berkshire Hathaway (read as Warren Buffet) buys a stake in India’s largestdigital payments company, PayTm cofounded by Vijay Shekhar Sharma. US Based Billionaire investor Warren Buffet’s companyBerkshire Hathway (BRKA)has bought a stake in Paytm, one of the largest digital payment company inIndi…

Paytm Business Strategy

Paytm or "Payment Through Mobile" is India's biggest installment, trade, and e-wallet undertaking. It began in 2010 and is a brand of the parent organization One97 Communications.com, established by Vijay Shekhar Sharma. It was propelled as an online portable energize site and proceeded to change its plan of action to a virtual and commercial centre bank model.

The organization stands today as one of India's biggest online portable administrations that incorporates banking administrations, commercial centres, versatile installments, charge installments, and energize. It has so far given administrations to more than 100 million clients.

Paytm's enhancement has built a solid reputation and has turned out to be praiseworthy for some in the online installment industry. One of its increasingly vital accomplishments is in its joint effort with the Chinese web-based business Goliath, Alibaba, for immense measures of subsidizing. Aside from being a pioneer of the cashback plan of action, the organization has been commended for its introduction as a new business able to build huge partnerships in a limited time period.

Paytm's whole business strategy is discussed below:

Clients of Paytm Business

Paytm's core focus is on serving its Indians client base, especially the cell phone clients. Numerous Indian clients saw the computerized world as an opportunity to open a financial balance. Accessing simple online installments missed the mark, and clients wound up with only poor experience. Paytm presented itself as a superior option to deal with such situations.

Paytm Offers

A portion of Paytm's increasingly conspicuous suggestions was reviving the business which was the organization's underlying administration recommendation. At that point, it proceeded to differentiate and progressed to creating more current administrations from any semblance of Paytm Wallet, E-business vertical to Digital Gold.

These improvements were appreciated in the form of the Chinese mammoth Alibaba's favours. Immense totals of cash were pumped into Paytm by Alibaba, expanding Paytm's speculation potential. Paytm used cricket and TV promoting to arrive at more clients.

Relationship with Clients

Paytm Customers - Paytm Case Study
Paytm Customers

Paytm has a 24*7 client care focus to interface with its clients. Simultaneously, the vast majority of Paytm administrations are self-served in nature and are open through their foundation straightforward.

Paytm's Channel for Business

Paytm utilizes numerous channels to draw in clients. Aside from its very own site which drives clicks, Paytm has shaped associations with numerous customers and seller destinations that support its endeavour. Demonetization in India enabled the organization to succeed altogether and arrive at new clients too. Disconnected advertising is likewise a piece of their client procurement process.

Distinct Advantages

The RBI (Reserve Bank of India) permit fills in as Paytm's fundamental asset. It should be explicit to Paytm. Different assets like the plan/programming society make it simpler for lower-pay Indians to use Paytm.

Key Roles

Paytm, being an innovation stage, dangers perils, for example, security and misrepresentation which is the reason it needs to take viable measures in ensuring its buyer's cash by improving its security. It is likewise rolling out new improvements inside its foundation to draw in new clients and access their computerized wallets.

Partners of Paytm

Paytm accomplices with the banks that give it installment excursions into the financial framework just as escrow administrations. It works together with a heap of associations that accumulate bills and installments from its customers for its administrations.

Structure of Costing

Paytm serves numerous clients which is the motivation behind why it is so cost-driven. The vast majority of its costs are identified with its foundation and client obtaining. It's a typical cost-shared by numerous organizations over the reality where client securing cost is significant.

The cash utilized in this procedure is higher than the income it makes in its underlying buys. Most of its financial limit is to put resources into sloping up of its security and stay away from the danger of misrepresentation, particularly when it needs to deal with more than 65 million clients in its foundation. It incorporates a framework that empowers clients to avoid any tax evasion hazard.

Income Stream

The Paytm Revenue Models come in two structures. Paytm makes commissions from the client exchanges through their utilization of its foundation. Escrow Accounts are the accounts from where it creates its income. Inferable from the non-appearance of its hidden capital, it offers clients no intrigue. Starting in 2018 Paytm has aggregated 3,314.8 crore INR in income.

Paytm Wallet

Paytm wallet is one of Paytm's best benefits that structures a connection between the bank and the retailers. This semi-shut wallet empowers you to take care of your tabs, pay for your tickets, or pay anyone concerned. Paytm wallet separated from its profit, as approved by the RBI, has the advantage of accepting enthusiasm for a purchaser store, much the same as some other Payment Gateways. When you store a specific measure of cash in your Paytm wallet, it will at that point set aside that cash in another bank from which it will win enthusiasm eventually.

It is the Paytm wallet's fundamental capacity. For instance, suppose you make an installment of Rs. 1000  to a merchant and the vendor makes 10 exchanges to increase Rs. 10,000. If the installment of that sum is made through the Paytm wallet, the Paytm wallet will take a portion of about 1% of the aggregate sum. So the merchant will get around Rs. 9715.

Mobile Recharge Business

Since its origin in 2010, Paytm's underlying intention was to give online portable energizing administrations. Its capacity to create income was constantly shortsighted. Paytm's administration guidelines are as praiseworthy and proficient as those of other telecom specialist co-ops running from Vodafone to Telecom.

The administrations are without shortcomings and give solace to their clients. As of now, Paytm increases a commission of 2-3% per energize. It is because Paytm, attributable to its support to its client to keep reviving through its foundation, has more grounded power in dealing than different merchants. That is the reason the commission it obtains is so high. This commission from its revive administration fills in as its income.

These administrations have supported the organization essentially in extending its base and thus, developing exponentially. When the client is fulfilled by the administration or item, he makes an arrival to a similar undertaking in this manner. This way Paytm does client maintenance and produces more traffic. Paytm has used this methodology to further its potential benefit and keeps on reaping positive results.

Paytm Digital Gold

Paytm Digital Gold - A platform to buy, sell and gift gold.
Paytm Digital Gold - A platform to buy, sell and gift gold.

Inferable from its organization with MMTC-PAMP, the outstanding gold purifier, Paytm has propelled "Computerized Gold". This model enables clients to sell, purchase, or store gold in an advanced stage. Presently, clients need to pay at a rate just to get their gold conveyed to their families.

Paytm is very much aware of how much gold is put as a resource in India and is completely arranged to develop from this chance. The organization has made eminent arrangements to urge its clients to get their own Gold Bank Accounts individually. This record separated from empowering clients to purchase their gold will likewise furnish clients with simple access to other Paytm administrations.

Paytm Mall

Paytm Mall - A platform for online shopping
Paytm Mall - A platform for online shopping.

In February 2017, Paytm propelled its Paytm Mall application which enables purchasers to shop from 1.4 lakh enrolled sellers. Paytm Mall is a B2C model enlivened by the model of China's biggest B2C retail stage, TMall. For 1.4 lakh merchants enlisted, items need to go through Paytm-guaranteed stockrooms and channels to guarantee buyer trust.

Paytm Mall has set up 17 satisfaction focuses crosswise over India and joined forces with 40+ messengers. Paytm Mall raised $200 million from Alibaba Cluster and SAIF Partners in March 2018. In May 2018, it posted losses of roughly Rs 1,800 crore with an income of Rs 774 crore for money related to the year 2018. Moreover, the piece of the pie in Paytm Mall dropped to 3% in 2018 from 5.6% in 2017.


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Business Growth of Paytm

Advanced installments organization Paytm has professed to arrive at gross exchange esteem (GTV) of over $50 Bn, while checking 5.5 Bn exchanges in FY19. The Delhi NCR-based organization credited this development to the rising appropriation of Paytm over numerous utilization cases, for example, retail installments, expenses, utility installments, travel booking, excitement, games among others. It has as of late propelled membership-based prizes program (Paytm First) to aid development alongside expanding the client maintenance.

Discussing the feasible arrangements, senior VP of Paytm, Deepak Abbot stated, "We are centred around creating tech-driven arrangements, incorporated client lifecycle the board, upgrading the client experience and growing to Tier 4-5 urban communities. We are certain to accomplish 12 Bn exchanges before the part of the bargain year." Before a month ago, the Ministry Of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) had solicited Paytm to help its objective of encouraging 40 Bn advanced exchanges in FY20.

The organization shared designs to incorporate man-made brainpower in its model and achieve 2x development this year. Paytm professed to possess half piece of the installment entryway industry in India, with 400 Mn month to month exchanges on the stage. Established by Vijay Shekhar Sharma in 2010, Paytm furnishes various new companies and huge organizations with arrangements running from a shareable PaytmQR code to profound coordination.

It empowers clients to process computerized installments through any favoured installment mode including credit and check cards, net banking, Paytm wallet, and UPI (bound together installment interface). Paytm had likewise propelled its very own installments bank in 2017. Paytm Payments Bank is versatile first keep money with zero charges on every online exchange, (for example, IMPS, NEFT, RTGS) and no base equalization prerequisite. For investment accounts, the bank right now offers a loan cost of 4% per annum.

Expected Future Growth of Paytm

Computerized installments organization Paytm said it is looking to dramatically increase its exchange volume to 12 billion by part of the arrangement, from 5.5 billion out of 2018-19. Paytm checked 2.5 billion exchanges in 2017-18. Paytm said it accomplished gross exchange esteem (GTV) of $50 billion out of 2018-19, as contrasted and $25 billion every year prior. GTV is the estimation of all-out exchanges done on the stage.

"This expansion is a consequence of the fast development in the reception of Paytm's computerized installments arrangements crosswise over on the web and disconnected for different use cases including retail installments, charges, utility installments, travel booking, amusement, games and that's only the tip of the iceberg," the organization said in an announcement. Its membership-based program Paytm First that was propelled in March has pulled into equal parts a million supporters, the organization added.

Paytm has 350 million enrolled clients starting on 5 June, an organization authority said. Paytm offers a variety of installment alternatives that incorporate installment through portable wallets, just like ongoing installment framework Unified Payments Interface (UPI) and web banking.

The organization has been centred around structure instruments for dealers to streamline their everyday business needs. This has brought about enormous dealers obtaining who are very much furnished with innovation to acknowledge all installment modes (cards, wallet, and UPI). Paytm now intends to concentrate on embracing computerized reasoning and improving the UI.

Frequently Added Questions

What is Paytm and how does it work?

Paytm is a leading financial service and bill payments app that offers financial solutions to its customers, offline merchants and online platforms.

All you need to do is open the Paytm app on your phone, click on 'Pay', and select 'QR code'. Scan the QR code of the receiver and enter the amount to be paid. The money will be transferred in a few seconds.

Who is the owner of Paytm?

Paytm, a Noida-based company founded by Vijay Shekhar Sharma owned by its parent organisation One97 Communications Limited.

Who is the new CEO of Paytm?

Vijay Shekhar Sharma is serving as the CEO of Paytm since Dec 2010.

How much does Vijay Shekhar Sharma own in Paytm?

Vijay Shekhar Sharma currently owns 14.61% of the company.

Has Paytm been removed from the Play Store?

Paytm has been removed from Google Play Store as Google removed the app for violating its guidelines. Google had said in a statement that it does not allow unregulated gambling.

But after few hours of being taken down, the Paytm app was back on Google Play Store.

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