Adani Group is known to one of most well-known business conglomerate and a leading integrated player in infrastructure and energy spaces in India. The company is founded by Gautam Adani in 1988 and has its headquarters based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Adani Group has businesses in different sectors like Energy, Resources, Logistics, Coal Trading & Mining, Real Estate, Aerospace, Public Transport Infrastructure, Consumer Finance, Solar manufacturing, Defense, Gas distribution and Agriculture among others.
In 2015, Adani Group was ranked India's most trusted infrastructure brand according to the The Brand Trust Report. It is the country’s largest integrated infrastructure conglomerate with a revenue of about $13 billion with operations at 70 locations in 50 different countries.
Adani group has focused on serving the diverse need of Indians and contributing towards nation building, as the company also invests part, of its revenue to protect and develop communities.
The company is known to be the country’s largest port developer and operator with more than 10 ports and terminal like Mundra port under its control. Adani group owns the largest edible oil brand called Fortune Oil, through joint venture with Wilmur International from Singapore. Adani is also the largest private power producer after adding the fourth unit 660 megawatts at its Tiroda Thermal power station. The Group has mines in various countries including India, Indonesia and Australia and also supplies coal to Bangladesh, China, and some Southeast Asian countries.
In 2018, the Adani Ports & SEZ Limited, added equipment and machinery making it the largest dredger fleet in India. The company has reached great heights because some of it’s main subsidiaries which are Adani Enterprises Limited, Adani Green Energy Limited, Adani Ports & SEZ Limited, Adani Wilmur, Adani Power Limited, Adani Total Gas Limited, Adani Transmission Limited, among others.
A brief History of Adani Group
Adani Group had its humble beginnings as a commodity trading firm in 1988 and then got into the import and export of various commodities. Adani group then established the Adani Enterprises Limited which was previously known as Adani exports with just Rs 5 lakhs. In the 90s the company started to develop its own port and by 1995 it began construction at Mundra (which became the largest private port in India in 2002). In 1999, Adani began coal trading and started its joint venture in edible oil refining with Adani Wilmur in 2000.
Over the years, Adani established ports, mines, railway lines, power plants and ships in and outside the country. Later on in 2006, Adani became the largest coal importer in India with 11Mt of coal handling. After Adani won the Orissa mine rights in 2010, it became the the country’s largest private coal mining company in India. Adani bought Galilee Basin mine in Australia with 10.4 Gt of coal reserves and went on to commission India's largest solar power plant with a capacity 40 MW.
Adani became the largest private sector thermal power producer in India after achieving the 3,960 MW capacity. By 2012 the group shifted its focus on to its businesses in the sectors of resources, logistics and energy. In 2014, Adani power became India largest private power producer, by the next year Adani Renewable Energy Park made a 50:50 joined venture with the Rajasthan Government so it can set up the country's largest solar park with a capacity of 10,000 MW.
In 2016, Adani's Aero defense sector signed a pact with companies like Elbit-ISTAR and Alpha Design Technologies in order to work in the field of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in India. The Adani Group acquired a part of Reliance Infrastructure for Rs. 18,800 crore in December 2017.
Under the guidance of Gautam Adani (one of the richest men in India), the company has reached great heights and improved business operations in the sectors like energy, resources, logistics, and agriculture, amongst others. With a net worth of 59.9 billion as of 2021, he has entered the list of top 20 billionaires as per Forbes. He recently Witnessed a Wealth surge of $17 billion in his Net worth.
The Subsidiaries of Adani Group
Adani Enterprise Limited
Adani Enterprise is one of the major subsidiary and the primary holding company of the Adani Group. The company focuses on establishing other new businesses in the sectors of energy and infrastructure. It acts as an Incubator that converts opportunities into thriving or successful businesses. So far Adani Enterprise has expanded its presence in different industries and has emerged as a market leader.
The company is so successful that it was listed at Bombay Stock Exchange and The National Stock Exchange of India. Since it was established and listed in 1994 the company has come a long way to where it has the market cap of Rs 22,909 Crores. So far companies like APSEZ, Adani Power, Adani Transmissions, Adani Green Energy and Adani Gas have demerged from Adani Enterprise to get independently listed on the Indian stock exchange market.
The company aims in delivering consistent value, maximizing returns for stakeholders and helping in the activities that build a nation. The vision of Adani Enterprise is to build infrastructure for airport, water, roads, data centre, solar manufacturing and have a sustainable value creation.
Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited
APSEZ is known to be the largest commercial port operator in India as it accounts to more than one fourth of the cargo transport that takes place in the country. APSEZ was originally called as Mundra Port and special Economic Zone Limited until it was changed in 2012. The company started its operations in Mundra Port, but has increased to 10 ports which comprise of 45 berths and 14 terminals across 6 states which are Gujarat, Goa, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.
It is one of the main subsidiaries of Adani group with a market cap of Rs. 77,715 crore. The CEO of the company is Karan Adani. The company has a widespread national footprint because through Adani Logistics Ltd., APSEZ operates 3 inland containers depots and a storehouse of goods before they are custom cleared at the ports. The facilities of the port are specifically equipped with the latest cargo-handling infrastructure which best in class in order to make it capable of handling the largest vessels.
These ports are also well equipped to handle diverse cargos, from dry cargo, liquid cargo, and crude to containers. APSEZ also provides Dredging and Reclaimation solutions for port and harbor construction. Which is why APSEZ currently operates 19 dredgers making it the largest capital dredging capacity in India.
The Mundra SEZ spans over 8000 hectares making it the largest port operational and notified multi-product SEZ in India that offers investment options like Free Trade and Warehousing Zone (FTWZ) and Domestic Industrial Zone in India.
It also helps large scale industries for manufacturing set-up based upon cluster-based development for various industries. APSEZ has also undertaken mangrove afforestation activities to help the environment and also announced in 2016, that all ports and townships are being prepared to run on 100% renewable energy.
Adani Power Limited
Adani Power is another major business subsidiary of Adani Group. The company has its headquarters based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat and is known to be largest private thermal power producer in India.
The company has thermal plants in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh and has a power generation capacity of 12,450 MW. It also operates a huge solar plant of 40 MW at Kutch, Gujarat. Adani Power generated a net profit of Rs 634.64 crores in the fourth quarter.
This Indian company is the world’s first company to set up a coal based thermal power project registered under the clean development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto protocol. Adani power was established as a power trading company in 1996 and has since signed long term PPAs of about 9,153 MW with the government of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana Rajasthan, Karnataka and Punjab.
Despite being a new to power generation in 2006, the company went on to set up its first power plant at Mundra successfully. The company is also planning to implement a 1.600 MW plant at Godda, Jharkhand.
Adani Power has many successful subsidiaries under it, which are Adani Power Maharashra Limited, Adani Power Rajasthan Limited, Adani Power Dahej Limited, Mundra Power SEZ Limited and Adani Power Overseas Limited. Once Adani obtained the Udupi Thermal Power Plant in a 6,000 crore rupees deal.
In 2014, Adani Power got ahead of Tata Power to become the country’s largest power producer. The company’s power plant at Mundra is also the world first coal fired plant to receive carbon credits from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The company was also awarded from the Government of Karnataka for the Udupi Power Plant.
Adani Transmission Ltd
Adani’s journey in the transmission industry started way before Adani Transmission Limited was established in 2006. Integrated in 2013, the company handles commissions, operations, maintenance of electric power transmission systems. Adani Transmission Ltd has a total transmission capacity of the company is 16,200 MW and is currently one of the largest private sector power transmission company in India.
The company operates a total network of 12,200 circuit kilometers and additional 3,200 circuit kilometers are under various stages of construction, as of 2020. Adani Transmission was founded by Gautam Adani and has its headquartered in Ahmedabad. The company got into the distribution space with the acquisition of Reliance Infrastructure’s Power Generation, Transmission & Distribution Business in Mumbai in 2018.
Now, the Adani Electricity Mumbai Limited which works under Adani Transmissions caters to more than 3 million customers and their electricity needs in the Mumbai. The company aims in setting up 20,000 circuit kms of transmission lines by 2022 with the help of organic and inorganic growth opportunities. Lastly it is the country’s first private power sector player to secure an international investment grade rating.
Adani Green Energy Limited
This Adani subsidiary is one of the largest renewable companies in India with a current project portfolio of 13,990 MW. Adani Green Energy is known for developing, operating, building and maintaining solar and wind farm projects. The electricity generated is supplied to central and state government institutes or even government backed corporations. The company has now expanded to more than 11 Indian states.
The company uses the latest technologies in its projects and has an impressive portfolio of 54 operational projects and 12 projects under construction. It is leading India on its renewable energy journey and aims to provide a cleaner, better and a greener future for the country. The company operates one of the largest solar photovoltaic plants in the world (Kamuthi Solar Power Project).
Adani Green Energy also has over 39 subsidiaries under it and recently won the world largest solar bid worth 46 billion by the Solar Energy Corporation Of India. The company is known to manage over 5,290 MW of wind energy and solar power plants.
Adani Wilmur was created out of a joint venture between Adani Group and the Singaporean company Wilmar International Limited. Wilmar one of the fastest growing food FMCG company in India and is Asia’s leading agri business group. The company has the largest range of edible oils such as Soya, Sun, Mustard, Rice bran, Groundnut and cottonseed.
Besides oil it also makes products like Basmati rice, pulses, Soya chunks, Besan, Fortune Wheat flour, Rawa, Sooji, etc which are all well known products in India. Brands like Fortune, King’s, Bullet, Raag, Avsar, Pilaf, Jubilee, Fryola, Alpha, Alife and Aadhar work under Adani Wilmur.
The company has the largest distribution network among all the branded edible oil players in India because it has over 95 stock points, 5000 distributors, 1.5 million outlets across the country.
Adani Wilmar has become successful internationally after selling its Edible oil to Middle-East and is now exporting its products to more than 19 countries in the Middle-East, South East Asia, East Africa, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand.
Adani Gas Limited
This Adani’s subsidiary is a city gas distribution company that mainly serves industrial companies and residential customers in Indian states. Adani Gas is currently uses City Gas Distribution networks in order to supply Piped Natural Gas to commercial, domestic and industrial companies in the country. The company also provides Compressed Natural Gas to the transport sector.
Adani Gas has so far set up city gas distribution networks in cities such as Ahmedabad and Vadodara in Gujarat, Faridabad in Haryana and Khurja in Uttar Pradesh. Natural Gas is not just a environment friendly, but is also convenient and reliable which allows consumers to enjoy a high level of safety, convenience and economic efficiency.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is the CEO of Adani Group?
The CEO of Adani Group is Gautam Adani and with his guidance Adani Group has emerged as a global integrated infrastructure player with interest across Resources, Logistics and Energy verticals.
Where is the headquarters of Adani Group?
Adani Group has its headquarters based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
What does Adani group do?
Adani group is a leader when it comes to business operations in the sectors like energy, resources, logistics, and agriculture, amongst others.
What are the subsidiaries of Adani Group?
The subsidiaries of Adani Group are Adani Gas Limited, Adani Wilmur, Adani Green Energy Limited, Adani Transmission Limited, Adani Power Limited, Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited, Adani Enterprise Limited.
Over the past three decades Adani Group has kept growing to make itself a global leader in various sectors like Energy, Resources, Logistics, Coal Trading & Mining, Real Estate, Aerospace, Public Transport Infrastructure, Consumer Finance, Solar manufacturing, Defense, Gas distribution and Agriculture.
The company is also benchmarked the global standards in all the sectors. The company has so far been successful because of its numerous successful subsidiaries and will continue to grow and reach greater heights in the future.
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